About the Nevada Field Office (NFO)
After the development and use of the atomic bomb in 1945, the U.S. Government created the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in 1947 as the agency for controlling nuclear materials and developing nuclear weapons. The AEC created the Nevada Operations Office on March 6, 1962.
On January 19, 1975, the AEC was abolished and replaced with two agencies: the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). ERDA was given the mission of administering the nuclear weapons program and carrying out energy research and development programs, including operation of the NNSS. The NRC’s mission was, and still is, to regulate use of civilian nuclear materials and license nuclear power plants.
In October, 1977, the DOE was created to take over ERDA’s functions as well as energy functions from other federal agencies. Stronger emphasis was placed on energy conservation and alternative energy sources, such as solar, geothermal, and wind power.
In 2000, the NNSA was created by Congress as a semi-autonomous agency within the DOE responsible for enhancing national security through the military application of nuclear energy. The Nevada Operations Office was renamed the NNSA Nevada Field Office as part of this change.
NNSA maintains and enhances the safety, security, reliability and performance of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile without nuclear testing; works to reduce global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provides the U.S. Navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and responds to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the United States and abroad.
The NNSA Nevada Field Office is comprised of the NNSS and its related laboratories and facilities in California, Maryland, Nevada, and New Mexico. The Management and Operating (M&O) contractor manages and operates the work at the site and its related facilities for the U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Field Office.
The M&O contractor has a cadre of architectural engineers, construction professionals, craftsmen, engineers, miners, nuclear physicists, scientists, technicians, and other professionals. They are experts in developing specialized sensors and sensor systems, instrumentation and high-speed recording systems, data analysis, and data communications. They have more than 40 years of experience in mining underground tunnels and drilling some of the world's deepest and widest shafts.
These professionals also perform aerial radiation and environmental surveys of government sites, industrial nuclear power plants, and mining sites around the world to measure the levels of background and man-made radiation near the areas. As part of the DOE's nuclear emergency response program, they play a vital role in America's ability to respond to a wide range of nuclear emergencies.
Their personnel can take the lead on a project or serve as part of an integrated, multifaceted team. They do whatever it takes to get the job done right, going wherever needed, whether it's the frigid Arctic Circle, behind the fallen Iron Curtain, or in the parched Nevada desert. They fill technological niches by finding distinctive and creative solutions that solve difficult technical problems.
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